The European migrant crisis or refugee crisis began towards the beginning of 2013. Rising numbers of people arrived in the European Union (EU) from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. It is part of a pattern of increased immigration to Europe from other continents which began in the mid-20th century and which has encountered resistance in many European countries.
Most of the migrants came from Muslim-majority countries in regions south and east of Europe, including the Greater Middle East and Africa. Many were fleeing the wars being fought in their home countries by European Nations and the USA which included Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria. Entire families endured harsh and dangerous conditions as they travelled to Europe in order seek safety and security for their children and relatives away from the bloodshed.